Vitamin B1, also known as Thiamine, named "thio-vitamine" (sulphur-containing vitamins). Molecular formula C12H17N4OS+. It is one of the 13 essential vitamins for the human body. It is a water-soluble vitamin and belongs to the vitamin B family. It was eventually designated the generic denomination vitamin B1. Its phosphate derivatives participate in many cellular processes. The best form is thiamine pyrophosphate (TPP), a coenzyme for the catabolism of sugars and amino acids.
Functions and Applications
1. It can protect the nervous system and promote gastrointestinal motility and increase appetite.
2. It mainly plays the role of sugar and sugar (starch) in the process of digestion in the food, and finally produces energy; at the same time, it is necessary for muscle coordination and maintenance of nerve conduction.
3. It also has a moderate diuretic effect.